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The Maastricht Centre for Human Rights: call for papers

Here’s the call:

Conference theme

Corruption, generally defined as ‘the abuse of public office for private gain’, is one of the greatest social evils of our time. In the words of former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, ‘Corruption hurts the poor disproportionately by diverting funds intended for development, undermining a government’s ability to provide basic services, feeding inequality and injustice, and discouraging foreign investment and aid.’ The adoption of several international anti-corruption treaties such as the United Nations Convention Against Corruption in 2003 put the problem on the international agenda, and it is likely to stay there. Research on corruption is conducted by scholars in several academic areas and the problem is addressed by the major international financial institutions and NGOs. However, from the human rights perspective, corruption has not been studied extensively. This two-day conference aims to bring together researchers in various disciplines to further examine the links between corruption and human rights.

Conference format

This interdisciplinary conference will host several keynote speakers as well as the six workshops described below. In order to offer all participants the opportunity to take part in the entire programme, workshops will be held simultaneously, while each workshop is offered on both the first and the second day of the conference. The workshops have an interactive character since participants will be given the opportunity to download and read the conference papers in advance and are thus encouraged to engage in discussions with the presenters.

Workshop titles

1. Corruption as a Violation of Human Rights?

Even though no human rights treaty refers explicitly to corruption, would it be possible to qualify (certain forms of) corruption as a human rights violation in itself?

2. Causes of Corruption: a Human Rights Perspective

In order to combat corruption, it is imperative to search for the driving forces behind corruption. Do human rights violations also feed corruption?

3. Researching Corruption: Methodological and Cultural Challenges

This workshop is concerned with issues surrounding the research of corruption, such as measuring the amount of corruption, cultural issues, as well as identifying the relationship between corruption and the non-fulfillment of human rights.

4. Corporations, Corruption and Human Rights

Corruption is not merely a practice for which state actors are to blame. Corporate conduct plays a large part as well. This workshop therefore addresses the supply-side of corruption and the functioning of the legal norms governing corporate behaviour.

5. Towards a Fundamental Human Right to a Corruption-Free Public Service?

Is corruption serious enough to formulate a new, independent human right to a public service free of corruption? This workshop aims to discuss arguments pro and con the establishment of such a right.

6. Safeguarding Human Rights while Fighting Corruption

Corruption is generally a secretive practice, which makes investigation and prosecution of corruption cases a difficult matter. However, in the fight against corruption, the human rights of persons suspected of corruption should be respected as well.

Call for papers

The Centre for Human Rights of Maastricht University invites academic researchers in various disciplines to submit papers for presentation at the conference. Papers should relate to the topic of one of the six workshops mentioned above. Please note that, given the format of the conference, presenters must be available on both days, in order to participate in two sessions of the same workshop. Proposals for papers (abstracts of max. 500 words) should be submitted before 15 April 2009. First versions of accepted papers (max. 10,000 words) must be submitted by 1 October 2009, since they will be made available online (only to registered conference participants). Before 15 May 2009, the organisers of the conference will decide which papers will be accepted. Accepted papers will be published after the conference in the Maastricht Series in Human Rights by Intersentia Publishers (Antwerp). Travel expenses and costs for accommodation of authors of accepted papers will be paid for by the organisers.

Abstracts should be sent by e-mail to: humanrights@law.unimaas.nl

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فوریه 11, 2009 Posted by | Call for Papers, حقوق بشر, دانشگاهی | بیان دیدگاه

گرجستان : دو دعوا نزد دو مرجع

12 آگوست : دیوان بین المللی دادگستری از ثبت دعوایی توسط گرجستان علیه روسیه خبر داد ؛ ادعای گرجستان تخلف روسیه بتوسط ارگان های دولتی آن کشور و دیگر اشخاص و موجودیت های تحت کنترل آن کشور (منتسب کردن اعمال شورشیان آبخازیا به دولت روسیه) ، از مقررات کنوانسیون بین المللی امحاء تمام اشکال تبعیض نژادی 1965 (CERD) درون و اطراف قلمرو گرجستان است.

دو نکته در این ادعا جالب توجه هستند : نخست اشاره ی گرجستان به حمایت روسیه از بازیگران غیر دولتی (شورشیان وجدایی طلبان) در آبخازیا و اوستیا و دیگر محدوده ی زمانی این دخالت ها که از 1990 تا آگوست 2008 تخمین زده شده.

درخواست دولت گرجستان از دیوان ، الزام روسیه به عمل به تعهدات آن کشور در راستای ترتیبات کنوانسیون فوق الذکر (مواد 2،3،4،5و6) بوده و صلاحیت دیوان را با استناد به ماده ی 22 کنوانسیون مثبت می داند و نیز به ماده ی 9 کنوانسیون منع ژنوسید به عنوان پشتوانه ی دادخواستش تکیه کرده است.

دادخواست گرجستان را اینجا ببینید.

14 آگوست : گرجستان درخواست خود از دیوان برای اتخاذ تدابیر موقت در ارتباط با دعوای ثبت شده را خواستار شد .

15 آگوست : دیوان امروز (15 آگوست) اعلام نمود که ادعای گرجستان را ، بر اساس برنامه ی منتشر شده از تاریخ 8 تا 10 سپتامبر در کاخ صلح لاهه استماع خواهد کرد ؛ در این راستا قاضی روزالین هیگینز (ریاست دیوان) حسب اختیارات ناشی از پاراگراف 4 ماده ی 74 قواعد دادرسی دیوان ، ابلاغیه ای را به دو طرف ارسال داشت.

11 آگوست : ثبت دعوایی از سوی دولت گرجستان علیه روسیه مستند به ماده ی 2 (حق حیات) و ماده ی 3 (ممنوعیت رفتار غیر انسانی و خفت بار) کنوانسیون اروپایی حقوق بشر.

12 آگوست: دیوان اروپایی حقوق بشر قراری را برای اعمال ترتیبات موقت در ارتباط با دعوای مطروحه از سوی گرجستان علیه روسیه بر اساس ماده ی 39 از قواعد رسیدگی دیوان صادر نمود و از هر دو طرف خواست تا با ترتیبات موارد 2 و 3 کنوانسیون مذکور که هر دو کشور به آن ملحق هستند همکاری کنند. (خبر ارسال شده از سوی دیوان را اینجا ببینید)

اوت 16, 2008 Posted by | مداخله ی نظامی بشردوستانه, آراءِ محاکم بین المللی, حقوق مسئولیت بین المللی, حقوق بشر, حل و فصل اختلافات بین المللی, خبرها و رویدادها | بیان دیدگاه

بازداشت RADOVAN KARADZIC

رادووان کارادزیچ ، سرکرده ی سابق Republika Srpsa روز 21 جولای بازداشت شد. اوکه از 1995 خود را از نظر ها دور نگاه داشته بود با اتهاماتی چون ژنوسید و جنایات جنگی روبروست. ادعانامه ی دادستان دادگاه بین المللی یوگویسلاوی سابق را می توانید اینجا بخوانید. Case Information Sheet و نیز بیانیه ی دادستان Serge Brammertz نیز مفید و خواندنی به نظر می رسند.

ژوئیه 23, 2008 Posted by | آراءِ محاکم بین المللی, حقوق بین الملل کیفری, حقوق بشر, حقوق بشر دوستانه, خبرها و رویدادها, دیوان های ad hoc | بیان دیدگاه

New Issue: Northwestern Journal of International Human Right

Corporate Human Rights Responsibility Issue

Volume 6, Issue 2, SPRING 2008

Masthead (pdf)

Introduction

The Growing Relevance and Enforceability of Corporate Human Rights Responsibility
David Scheffer
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Articles

Corporate Accountability and Liability for International Human Rights Abuses: Recent Changes and Recurring Challenges
Emeka Duruigbo
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Corporate Human Rights Responsibility: A European Perspective
Jan Wouters & Leen Chanet
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Corporate Aiding and Abetting of Human Rights Violations: Confusion in the Courts
Doug Cassel
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Emerging Issues of Human Rights Responsibility in the Extractive and Manufacturing Industries: Patterns and Liability Risks
Caroline Kaeb
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Notes & Comments

Enforcing the Equator Principles: An NGO’s Principled Effort to Stop the Financing of a Paper Pulp Mill in Uruguay
Vivian Lee
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ژوئیه 23, 2008 Posted by | کتاب ها و مقالات روز, حقوق بشر | بیان دیدگاه